What causes deviance?
Conflict theory suggests that deviant behaviors result from social, political, or material inequalities in a social group.
Labeling theory argues that people become deviant as a result of people forcing that identity upon them and then adopting the identity..
What are the 4 types of deviance?
A typology is a classification scheme designed to facilitate understanding. According to Merton, there are five types of deviance based upon these criteria: conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism and rebellion.
What are the functions of deviance?
Deviance has several functions: (a) it clarifies norms and increases conformity, (b) it strengthens social bonds among the people reacting to the deviant, and (c) it can help lead to positive social change. Certain social and physical characteristics of urban neighborhoods contribute to high crime rates.
What are the 5 functions of deviance?
Terms in this set (5)Deviance affirms cultural values and norms.Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries.Responding to deviance promotes social unity.Deviance encourages social change.Deviance provides a safety valve for discontented people.
Why is deviance functional to society?
Durkheim argued that deviance is a normal and necessary part of any society because it contributes to the social order. He identified four specific functions that deviance fulfills: … Promoting social change: Deviance can also encourage the dominant society to consider alternative norms and values.
What are the 2 types of deviance?
The violation of norms can be categorized as two forms, formal deviance and informal deviance. Formal deviance can be described as a crime, which violates laws in a society. Informal deviance are minor violations that break unwritten rules of social life.